Circle research

Weekly Crypto Recap 3/1-3/7

Know & go

  • Top story of the week: We outline how Casa is putting control and security back in the hands of users, and democratizing participation in one of the most important crypto networks.
  • Three things to know: (1) Coinbase lets go of Neutrino members with Hacking Team affiliations (2) Crypto futures trading on Kraken subsidiary sees significant increase in volume (3) Coventure study reveals suspected wash trading on major exchanges.
  • Market snapshot: Market snapshot: Total crypto market capitalization is around $133.8 billion at press time, up 1.7% w/w. BTC is trading at $3880 (up 1.8% w/w), ETH is at $135 (fairly flat w/w). BVOL (the rolling 30-day annualized Bitcoin volatility as calculated by BitMEX) is 49.7%, up slightly compared to last week.
    (3/8 11:30AM ET)

Weekly market snapshot

Top Story

“We’re headed towards this world where a lot of wealth and data is going to be managed and controlled by private keys, public and private keys, by cryptography.” Jeremy Welch on Unchained Podcast

Casa has been on a tear making announcements over the past few months. Recently, Jack Dorsey also posted screenshots on Twitter showing the process of syncing his Casa Node. Casa provides customers with self-custody and key management products and services. Casa places emphasis on simplifying the user experience in an industry that struggles with good design. We wanted to take the opportunity to outline some of Casa’s products and explain why they are important for the ecosystem.


Casa launched with a premium offering (the Keymaster package) for $10,000 per year. It was targeted at Bitcoin holders who have significant crypto holdings. The premium Keymaster package runs 3-of-5 multisig with five total keys: one key on the user’s phone, three hardware devices (ledgers and/or trezors), and one key at Casa. The key Casa holds is not meant to be used as one of the signatures in multisig but rather as an emergency recovery in the case of technical issues or lost keys/devices. Customers use Casa’s Keymaster mobile app to seamlessly aggregate and sign multiple signatures in an asynchronous way.

Multisig. Multisig stands for multisignature. In the traditional sense, an example would be a shared bank account where all owners would have to sign off to move funds. Casa uses multisig to add security to an individual’s cryptocurrency wallet. There is a defined set of signatures and users need a certain threshold of signatures to move funds. With Casa, if users follow best practices, multisig is intended to make it difficult and expensive for an in-person attacker to steal funds. Further, Casa’s implementation of multisig makes it possible for customers to retrieve funds in the case of lost or stolen devices.

Seedless recovery. One of Casa’s key differentiators is that it does away with the seed phrase. Many wallets and hardware devices ask users to safely store their seed phrase on a piece of paper, which places a large burden on the user. If users share their seed phrase with a family member or lawyer, they can potentially gain control of those funds. Also, the person with the phrase is also at risk being attacked. Recognizing this UX and security challenge, Casa completely did away with recovery seed and uses key rotations for recovery. If users were to create their own multisig setup, they would have to protect the seed of each wallet or device. Jameson Lopp puts it well, “TL;DR the average person is terrible at securely and redundantly backing up data. If we can get rid of that requirement, users are less likely to shoot themselves in the foot.”

Keymaster is an alternative to storing crypto at central custody providers (Coinbase, BitGo), creating your own multisig setup (which requires users to manage multiple seed phrases) or storing it on centralized exchanges, which users are painstakingly realizing (cc: Quadriga) is not an ideal option. While central custody providers are arguably more secure, they require trust on the part of users, bringing up the idea of “not your keys, not your coins”.

The biggest risk is getting users to follow best practices. Casa advises keeping devices in different locations, but it’s up to customers to execute. Though hopefully users understand that keeping all devices in a single location defeats the purpose of paying for a premium self-custody offering such as this.

“Multisig for everyone”

A year after launching the Keymaster package for power users, Casa brought multisig to the masses last week by rolling out different packages combining Casa’s products and services at different price points, allowing users to “choose their sovereignty level”. The tiers range from silver to diamond. Silver is free to use and includes 2-of-3 multisig support (phone, hardware wallet and Casa key), but customers must pay Casa 0.1% of funds if they end up using the key recovery service. Diamond costs $5,000/year and includes the 3-of-5 key shield and much more in terms of customer service from the Casa team. For a detailed overview of the tiers and price points, refer to Casa’s blog post.

Casa Node

Shortly after launching the Keymaster package, Casa released the Casa Node, which contains a full bitcoin node and a lightning network node. “It allows you to easily make and receive payments via the Lightning Network, manage Lightning channels, and support the Bitcoin & Lightning networks.” With this, users can set up and run their own node quickly without having to use command line. According to The Block, Casa has shipped over 1,000 Casa Nodes since launch. This shows that a lot of people want to run their own node but don’t know how. The motivation behind running a bitcoin node is to validate transactions on and strengthen the Bitcoin network - as a sort of community service. Further, in order to set up a lightning network node and open channels on the lightning network, users also have to run a bitcoin node. The motivation behind running a proprietary lightning node is to interact with increasing apps and businesses launching on and incorporating lightning network.

Casa Lightning Extension

In February, Casa launched a browser extension for its lightning network-enabled bitcoin node available on Google Chrome and Firefox for improved usability and security. The extension allows users to control their Casa Node directly through the browser and enter payment information more easily on lightning-network enabled websites (for a list of some websites that integrate lightning network, read our weekly recap 2/8-2/14). The lightning extension reduces the friction of transacting on lightning network. Before the extension, Casa Node users would have to go through a multi-step, manual process to send a payment. With the extension, users can stay in the same browser window/tab, click on the extension within the browser, and make a payment.

Another pain point that Casa’s extension solves is integrating third party software with a lightning node. As described on Casa’s blog, users have to use command line to find, save and export files called macaroon files and a tls.cert file, then import them into third party apps. Casa describes one of these files, the admin macaroon file, as the “key to the kingdom”. If proper precautions aren’t taken and malicious actors get ahold of the file, users risk exposing their information and funds. Users can avoid this tedious/technical process and security risk by using the Casa extension and node.

Initially, Casa reached out to Will O’Beirne, the creator of Lightning Joule, to find a way to work together. Both teams eventually decided the best way forward would be to build out their respective versions, though Casa plans to integrate Will’s Lightning Joule with Casa Node.

In an era where (1) storing funds on exchanges is becoming increasingly risky, (2) hardware wallets have UX challenges and are at risk of being lost or stolen, and (3) running a full bitcoin and lightning node is reserved for those who have the technical know how and put in the time and effort, Casa is praised for putting control and security back in the hands of users, and democratizing participation in one of the most important crypto networks. And it is providing a friendly entry point that does not require users to have technical expertise.

In other news

  • US institutions, such as HSBC and JPMorgan Chase, are still refusing banking service to crypto companies in order to avoid a “massive compliance headache.” Smaller lenders like Silvergate Bank and crypto native services have stepped in to seize this underserved market. Source.
  • Coventure released a study showing 2 out of the top 5 liquidity pairs (BTC/USDT on Coinbene and OKEX) have less than 1% of their reported volume. The report states that limited regulatory oversight has enabled some major exchanges to engage in wash trading (buying and selling at the same price without changing ownership) and promote misleading volume metrics. Source.
  • LGO Markets, a NJ-based cryptocurrency exchange targeting institutional investors, launched this past Monday. The exchange will initially offer physically settled BTC/USD spot trading using a three-way multi-signature wallet (client, LGO and Swiss clearinghouse, Altcoinomy) to optimize for asset security and to act as a fail safe in the event a client loses their private key. Source.
  • Tether has partnered with the Tron Foundation to launch its USDT stablecoin as a TRC-20 token, the Tron network’s equivalent of Ethereum’s ERC-20 standard. The official launch is expected in Q2 this year. Source.
  • Just two weeks after its controversial acquisition of blockchain analysis company Neutrino, Coinbase announced it will be relieving any former Hacking Team members from their current positions. Source. Many have speculated this is a response to alleviate the #deletecoinbase movement on Twitter after it was discovered a few key Neutrino employees previously worked for Hacking Team, a software outfit that reportedly provided surveillance tools to law enforcement agencies, corporations and authoritarian regimes. Source.
  • After its successful launch on Android, Opera announced plans to make its mobile browser, Opera Touch, available on iOS devices. Opera Touch comes with a built in cryptocurrency wallet and is designed to interact with Ethereum dapps. Source.
  • BlockFi Interest Account (BIA) is now available to customers worldwide. Bitcoin and Ethereum holders can store their cryptoassets with BlockFi and earn 6% annual interest, paid out monthly in crypto. The minimum deposit is 1 BTC or 25 ETH. Source.
  • It appears organic demand for DAI isn’t growing as quickly as demand for loans that have essentially become a fiat off-ramp. Source. Separately, according to Placeholder’s recent report on Maker, less than 10 percent of MKR token holders participated in the previous vote to raise stability fees to 2 percent.
  • A January security audit of the Bitcoin SV Node source code revealed three medium threat level vulnerabilities. Cybersecurity auditor Trail of Bits determined these vulnerabilities existed prior to the Bitcoin-Bitcoin Cash hard fork. Source.
  • Kraken subsidiary Crypto Facilities has seen its crypto futures trading volume increase over 500% to nearly $1 billion since being acquired. Source.
  • Volume on most of the open lending protocols associated with the DeFi (decentralized finance) movement has decreased for the second straight month. The one exception is Dharma, which has seen an increase in borrowed principal of over 1,000 percent. This result can be attributed to the recent launch of Dharma Lever. Source.

Crypto funding

  • Tagomi, a digital asset brokerage, raised $12 million from six investors in its second funding round led by Paradigm, Pantera Capital and Multicoin Capital. The company has now raised $27.5 million since its founding in 2017. Source.
  • Private equity firm GSR Capital has apparently downsized its projected investment in and its tZero security token exchange. The original $404 million offer is now down to $100 million and includes a second investor, Makara Capital. Source.

Global regulatory roundup

  • In the latest episode of the QuadrigaCX saga, a Canadian judge has granted the cryptocurrency exchange an extension to find $140 million worth of missing customer funds. Lawsuits cannot be brought against the company until after the next scheduled hearing on April 18th. Source.
  • 1Broker, a platform that enables the purchase of financial derivatives with Bitcoin, announced it settled two lawsuits with the SEC and CFTC earlier this week. The company, along with its CEO, was charged with overstepping federal securities laws last Fall for selling security-based swaps to US and international investors. As a result, the 1Broker brand will be retired and bitcoins on the platform will be refunded to customers. Source.
  • The Connecticut state government filed a bill that could authorize the use of smart contracts in commerce throughout the state. The proposal would give equal rights to smart contracts and traditional methods that secure transactional information. A public hearing to advance the bill is scheduled for 3/12. Source.

What we’re reading

What we’re listening to

Circle in the news

  • We published a comprehensive report on privacy focused protocol MimbleWimble and its first two implementations, Grin and Beam.
  • Circle announced a definitive agreement to acquire SeedInvest, the leading equity crowdfunding platform in the United States and operator of a registered broker-dealer, in October 2018. After receiving regulatory approval from FINRA, Circle closed the acquisition.
  • Circle recently partnered with Nice Actimize, one of the largest provides of compliance and cybercrime detection services, in order to fight against market manipulation.

Where we’ll be in March

  • ETH Community Conference, 3/5-3/7, Paris, France
  • Boston Conference on Cyber Security, 3/6, Boston, MA
  • TenX Community Meetup Hong Kong #1, 3/12, Hong Kong
  • Token 2049, 3/13-3/14, Hong Kong

If you have any thoughts or questions, please reach out at [email protected].


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